Samoyedskaya Sabaka, Samoyed Dog

Although the Samoyed is a Nordic dog that was created for work, it is also an excellent life companion. Its size and even its coat make it adaptable to all conditions.

Height 55 to 65 cm
Weight 25 to 35 kg
Life expectancy 12 to 13 years
Hair Loss High
Excercise Need High

Quick Overview of the Samoyed


  • Independent nature
  • Not at all aggressive
  • Affectionate and gentle
  • Loves children and their games


  • Great elegance
  • Impression of charm and dignity
  • Endowed with great endurance
  • Small straight triangular ears


  • Generally enjoys good health
  • No particular pathology
  • Fears neither hot nor cold
  • Long service life

Temperament of the Samoyed

Like all Nordic dogs, Samoyeds are rather independent by nature. Born as a sled dog, they are the most docile of all dogs in this category.

He is not aggressive and is not suitable for custody. He is affectionate and gentle and loves children and their games. Good player with a slight mischievousness, he amuses the gallery.

Independent, he is not really inclined to obedience. Samoyeds have a slight tendency to fight with their peers, especially those of the same sex, but they are devoid of any aggression.

His stubbornness can easily make him disobedient and socialization must be planned for very early in his education. He sometimes has a tendency to bark.

samoyède personnalité

Breed Appearance


The Samoyed is very elegant. Its physique exudes a great impression of charm, dignity, strength, assurance and flexibility. They are Spitz-type dogs of Nordic origin that, like all sled dogs, have great stamina.


Between 60 and 65 cm (23.62 to 25.59 inches) for the male
Between 55 and 60 cm (21.65 to 23.62 inches) for the female


Between 30 and 35 kg (66.14 to 77.16 pounds) for the male
Between 25 and 30 kg (55.12 to 66.14 pounds) for the female


Her coat is usually white even if other similar colours are accepted.


Its double coat is of medium length.


His head is strong and has a slightly convex skull. Its almond-shaped eyes are as dark brown as possible. Its small ears are triangular and straight. The nose is black. Tail is high.

According to the FCI breeds nomenclature, this breed belongs to group 5, section 1 and is #212

Characteristics of the Samoyed

Does this dog suit your lifestyle?

Every dog breed has its own characteristics. However, the actual character of a dog can vary from one to another within the same breed.

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Life in an apartment
Good first dog
Tolerates solitude
Tolerates cold weather
Tolerates hot weather
Friendly with children
Friendly with strangers
Friendly with other animals
Hair loss
Drooling level
Easy to care for
Robust health
Easy to train
Tendency to bark
Tendency to nibble
Instinct to hunt
Adventurous spirit
Energy level
Level of intensity
Need for exercise

Price and monthly budget

Price you can expect to pay for a Samoyed puppy: between and
These prices are indicative and may vary from breeder to breeder
Average monthly budget for a Samoyed:
The monthly budget includes the average expenses for food and hygiene products (grooming, anti-parasite...)

Tips About this breed

The Samoyed is not really a lapdog or a lapdog. Although he can adapt to the interior, he loves the garden and the outside of the house.

Its elegant appearance hides a true athlete in need of constant and regular activity.

As it is very affectionate and gentle, the Samoyed will settle down indoors after a nice day of outdoor activity to enjoy the presence of its loved ones.

He will be able to entertain the gallery and play with the children.

As the Samoyed is sometimes rebellious and very disobedient, his education must be early.

The master must be gentle but very firm in order to counter his natural stubbornness and thus teach him to obey the first commandment given.

Early socialization, especially in males, is to be expected.

Health of the Samoyed

These hardy, robust dogs usually enjoy excellent health. Their longevity is excellent and they do not fear cold or heat.

In spite of its Nordic appearance, its coat is an excellent thermoregulator and allows it to function well in both heat and cold.

The Samoyed is not affected by any particular pathology.


The beautiful dense fur of the Samoyed must be brushed regularly. Moulting periods require a good brushing a little more intensively because the quantity of dead hairs is impressive and tends to accumulate if they are not removed daily.

History of this breed

Of Siberian origin, this very ancient breed is apparently, along with the Basenji, one of the first domesticated dog breeds.

The Samoyed, by its appearance, is reminiscent of the Arctic wolf from northern Siberia. Used by the Samoyed tribe to pull sleds, he was part of the tribe just like the other members.

The Samoyeds, nowadays mostly Nenets (indigenous people of Russia), used them for fishing, hunting, herding, sleigh pulling and also for childcare.

Privileged, the dog slept with his master to warm and protect him inside the traditional Siberian "tchoum" (hut).

At the time, a great variety of dresses existed. The colors could vary between black, cream, piebald, white and biscuit. White dogs were, at that time, in a minority only.

The current type of White Samoyed follows the dogs brought back to Europe. After the Siberian expeditions of the time, the white dogs were selected and brought back to European territory. This is the reason why the Samoyed is nowadays white and this, in great majority.

The Samoyed thus comes to us from Russia. Around the 19th century, it was in Western Siberia that it was really discovered.

Its official Nordic origins are directly linked to those of other sled dogs. Despite their great aptitude for work, Samoyeds are nowadays greatly appreciated as companion dogs.

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