Jack Russell Terrier
The Jack Russell Terrier loves everyone and is always ready to play and be cuddled. He is very lively but he is also calm and affectionate. He can live just about anywhere as long as enjoys several daily outings. The Jack Russell deserves his great popularity because he is simply adorable.
Quick Overview of the Jack Russell Terrier
- Active and lively
- Bright and smart
- Friendly and fearless
- Compact and robust
- Flexible and agile body
- Longer than tall
- Falling ears
- Very robust
- No particular pathology
- Generally in excellent health
Temperament of the Jack Russell Terrier
Like all those of his category, this Terrier is active, lively, alert, intelligent, friendly, fearless and self-confident, bold and very keen. Cheerful and good player, he is very affectionate. The Jack Russell Terrier never refuses a cuddle.
This hunter at heart will follow all the tracks he can find. He is dominant and sometimes very stubborn. His education must be rigorous and firm and his socialization must be done early.
Socialization and hierarchy must be instilled in him at a very early age so that he understands where he stands in the pack. Education must be rigorous and constant.
The Jack Russell Terrier has a silhouette very similar to the one of the Fox Terrier, but smaller. This compact, sturdy dog has a very unique personality. His flexible, agile body is longer than it is tall and, despite his small size, he is very impressive for his vigour and strength.
Between 25 and 30 cm (9.84 to 11.81 inches) for the male
Between 25 and 30 cm (9.84 to 11.81 inches) for the female
Between 5 and 6 kg (11.02 to 13.23 pounds) for the male
Between 5 and 6 kg (11.02 to 13.23 pounds) for the female
The predominant colour of his coat must always be white. Black or fawn patches from lightest to darkest are accepted.
His coat's flat hair is very rough and coarse. His "wiry" hair resists very well to bad weather.
His small, very dark, almond-shaped eyes exude a very lively expression. His ears are rosebud shaped or drooping. They are very mobile. His nose is black. His tail is sometimes shortened, otherwise it is drooping at rest but fully erect in action.
According to the FCI breeds nomenclature, this breed belongs to group 3, section 2 and is #345
Characteristics of the Jack Russell Terrier
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Every dog breed has its own characteristics. However, the actual character of a dog can vary from one to another within the same breed.
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Tips About this breed
Once well educated, the Jack Russell Terrier will entertain the crowds. He is very active and lively and loves children and all their games. He never gets tired of them.
Since his hunting instincts have remained in his nature and he tends to follow all tracks, the leash is required when walking unless the come back command has been well instilled and is properly assimilated by the animal.
Going out several times a day or running in a large garden as often as possible is absolutely necessary, whether he lives in a city apartment or in a large house in the country.
His fur is weather resistant and he loves the outdoors. The Jack Russell Terrier can therefore, without risk, enjoy outings as often as he wishes.
This Terrier is an excellent companion dog for all family situations and is a terrific hunter capable of sneaking underground into burrows to surprise his prey.
Health of the Jack Russell Terrier
Very robust, the breed is not affected by any particular pathology. The Jack Russell generally enjoys excellent health and very good life expectancy.
Jack Russell's fur tends to shed evenly throughout the year. In order to avoid a hairy carpet on the floor, it is preferable to brush him regularly to remove his excess hair. However, no other special maintenance is necessary.
History of this breed
Originally from England, the Jack Russell Terrier owes his creation, in the middle of the 19th century, to the English shepherd Jack Russell, who lived between 1795 and 1883 and created two distinct breeds for fox hunting.
Having originally used the Fox Terrier, Reverend Russell created the Jack Russell Terrier, shorter on legs, and the Parson Jack Russell, higher on legs. The pastor's passion for hunting led him to create a breed that could sneak into the burrows of various potential prey such as badgers or foxes.
In 1991, similar standards were established for both breeds, but with a clear distinction in size and physical proportions. The standard evolved in 2000 and in 2001 and the two breeds were completely separated and given unique distinctions.
The popularity of the Jack Russell Terrier has continued to grow in recent years and some have even become famous. For example, in 1994, with Jim Carey in the movie The Mask, where the dog ends up wearing the green mask giving him a fierce quite comical look, or in the movie "My Dog Skip" in 2000 where Willie Morris' dog practically becomes the main character.