The Rottweiler is an agreeable dog but it requires an owner that is adapted to its temperament. This dog can be very dangerous for humans and other dogs if it is mistreated or is inadequately trained.

56 to 69 cm
35 to 60 kg
Life expectancy
8 to 10 years
Hair loss
Need for exercise

Quick overview of the Rottweiler


  • Smooth, black coat of medium length
  • Brown markings around the head, chest and beneath the tail
  • Very muscular and beefy


  • Affectionnate, loves its family and is very loyal
  • Courageous and very protective
  • Responds well to commands and learns very quickly
  • Thoughtful and well balanced


Over the years, many diseases have been linked to this breed. It’s the downside of its popularity which results in intense breeding.


Rottweiler's appearance


A very robust dog

All dogs can potentially be dangerous but the Rottweiler’s strong jaw and overall strength make it capable of disfiguring and massacring a person in no time. This is why one must be apt to control the Rottweiler. Owners must be patient and in total control of the dog. Problems can occur when owners are not sufficiently strict with their dog.

Height: Between 61 and 69 cm (24 to 27 inches) for the male.
Between 56 and 63 cm (22 to 25 inches) for the female.
Weight: Between 50 and 60 kg (110 à 132 pounds) for the male.
Between 35 and 48 kg (77 à 106 pounds) for the female.
Color: The dog has a few brown markings around the head, chest and beneath the tail. Its color can be compared to that of the Doberman.
Hair: Its coat is black, smooth and medium length. Its hair is hard to the touch and coarse. The undercoat is soft.

The rottweiler, according to the FCI breeds nomenclature, belongs to group 2, section 2 and is #147.

Temperament of the Rottweiler

Excellent dog for the young and the old

It is affectionate, adores its family and is very loyal. The Rottweiler is very courageous, responds well to commands and learns quickly. It is very protective and readily detects suspicious individuals. It will always seek to protect its family against intruders and it is hard to intimidate.

Unfortunately, the Rootweiler has a bad reputation because of its regular portrayal in cinema as a mean dog showing its scary teeth and growling. It is true that this dog can be a threat when not properly trained. Due to its strong jaw, it would be easy to turn it into an aggressive and dangerous watchdog. Because it is such an obedient dog, it would be dangerous for a Rottweiler to be adopted by an aggressive person with malicious intent.

It is unfortunate that this breed has this reputation because it can truly be an excellent dog for children and adults. A family could always count on it. It recognizes its territory and respects its limits. Once an adult and properly trained, it is a docile and affectionate. It will always be an excellent watchdog and, if well treated, will reward you a hundredfold and will be loyal to you for a lifetime.


Characteristics of the Rottweiler

Does this dog fit your lifestyle?

Every dog breed has these characteristics. However, the temperament of a dog can vary from one individual to the next among the same breed.

Life in an apartment 2 /5
Good first dog 1 /5
Tolerates solitude 1 /5
Tolerates cold temperatures 2 /5
Tolerates hot weather 3 /5
Affectionate 5 /5
Friendly with children 4 /5
Friendly with strangers 4 /5
Friendly with other animals 2 /5
Hair loss 4 /5
Drooling level 4 /5
Easy to care for 5 /5
Robust health 2 /5
Easy to train 4 /5
Intelligent 5 /5
Tendency to bark 4 /5
Tendency to nibble 3 /5
Protective 5 /5
Instinct to hunt 4 /5
Adventurous spirit 2 /5
Energy level 4 /5
Level of intensity 4 /5
Need for exercise 4 /5
Playful 5 /5

Characteristics are evaluated on a scale from 1 to 5
where 5 signifies that the characteristic is very present for this breed.

Adopting a Rottweiler

Do you breed Rottweilers or know a good breeder?

Help us recommend breeders that are conscientious and respectful of the breed for people wanting to adopt a Rottweiler in your region.

Finding a good breeder to adopt from is not always easy. Classified ads are often the haven of puppy mills. This is why, in addition to our research and verifications, we also consider the personal experiences of our users with the breeders listed here.

Pictures of the Rottweiler

Tips about the Rottweiler

Points to consider before adopting a Rottweiler

  • All dogs can be dangerous but the Rottweiler can disfigure or massacre someone in no time using its strong jaw and powerful body. This is why owners must know how to manage a Rottweiler dog. The owner must be patient and in control at all times. When the owner is not firm when training the Rottweiler, the dog can start acting like the boss and this is when problems may occur.

    Before acquiring a Rottweiler, you must make sure that you are apt to train it and to be the master at all times. You must avoid being aggressive or mistreating the dog. You must simply properly train it and to act as the master. It is the only way to ensure the dog’s loyalty and stability.

  • Like the majority of dogs, the Rottweiler is an excellent family dog when it is properly trained and well treated. Suffice it to keep in mind that it is not a pooch but rather a very robust dog that will be loyal and always ready to defend you when needed. This is why it is important to treat and control it well to be sure it responds to commands when necessary.

    Basic rules of dog training are essential for breeds like the Rottweiler. To live harmoniously with your Rottweiler, you will need to exert authority in order to avoid being dominated by your companion. This is essential for your well-being and that of your Rottweiler.

Health of the Rottweiler

You must be thorough when choosing your dog and the breeder when adopting. Here are the most common diseases affecting Rottweilers:

  • Hip dysplasia
  • Elbow dysplasia
  • Eye problems
  • Congenital heart disease
  • Diabetes

History of the Rottweiler

This breed is named after the town of Rottweil in Germany

At the time, the Rottweiler’s ancestor was used by butchers to herd cattle. The name of this breed first appeared in the 19th century and almost disappeared in the 20th century because of a ban on the transport of livestock. Fortunately, this was not the case and the Rottweiler is nowadays one of the most popular dog breeds in France.