Mexican hairless dog

Xolo, Xoloitzcuintle, Perro sin Pelo Mexicano

The Mexican hairless dog is rather rare and unknown. Obviously, his particular look certainly does not please everyone. You won't find him with lovers of furry doggies but lovers of authentic, unique and marginal are delighted, just like the allergic person who appreciates his nudity. Whether you like his particular look or not, he is an excellent life companion that can make many owners happy.

Height 25 to 55 cm
Weight 4 to 9 kg
Life expectancy 12 to 15 years
Hair Loss High
Excercise Need Medium
Home country Mexico

Quick Overview of the Mexican hairless dog

Temperament

  • Awake and alive
  • Attentive, but calm
  • Playful temperament
  • Rather reserved

Appearance

  • Different sizes available
  • Virtually no hair
  • Big and long ears
  • Drooping tail at rest

Health

  • Sun-sensitive skin
  • No particular pathology

Temperament of the Mexican hairless dog

Awake, lively, attentive but calm, this dog has a very playful temperament. He is rather reserved with strangers, which makes him a very good guardian.

He is intelligent and generally easy to train. However, he must learn to socialize very early in order to control his fear of strangers.

The Mexican hairless dog is exclusively a companion dog but can also be used for guarding. The two size categories, standard and intermediate, make excellent guard dogs.

His particular gait gives him a somewhat wild look, which often succeeds in dissuading malicious people.

The miniature category also stands out despite his small size, but his deterrent power is greatly diminished.

This attentive and alert dog is a perfect playmate for the whole family. He is compatible with everyone and very patient with small ones.

His natural distrust of strangers makes him an excellent protector, but his fear of strangers should not be exacerbated.

chien nu mexicain personnalité

Breed Appearance

Mexican naked dog

Regardless of his size, the Mexican hairless dog has a unique and particular look. His main physical characteristic is the absence of hair on his soft and very smooth skin.

His body, with a large and spacious chest, is very well proportioned. His special gait gives him an endearing look.

His physical appearance remains the same regardless of his size, whether standard, intermediate or miniature. The only thing that differs from one category to another is his physical dimension.

Height

Between 25 and 55 cm (9.84 to 21.65 inches) for the male
Between 25 and 55 cm (9.84 to 21.65 inches) for the female

Weight

Between 4 and 9 kg (8.82 to 19.84 pounds) for the male
Between 4 and 9 kg (8.82 to 19.84 pounds) for the female

Color

The color range of the coat may vary. Black, grey black, dark grey or slate, bronze, blond, reddish and red are the colors allowed.

It is preferable that the coat be uniform and the darkest color possible.

Hair

His hair is virtually non-existent, except for a few small tufts appearing sometimes on the tail, back of the neck and forehead. He is almost naked. His skin is very smooth and soft.

Morphology

The head of the Mexican hairless dog is nevertheless broad with a slight stop. His almond-shaped eyes are medium size and their color generally matches the color of the skin.

His large, long ears are carried erect. His nose changes according to the color of the skin, varying between brown and pink or a very dark color.

His tail is drooping at rest and carried high when he is alert.

According to the FCI breeds nomenclature, this breed belongs to group 5, section 6 and is #234

Characteristics of the Mexican hairless dog

Does this dog suit your lifestyle?

Every dog breed has its own characteristics. However, the actual character of a dog can vary from one to another within the same breed.

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Life in an apartment
Good first dog
Tolerates solitude
Tolerates cold weather
Tolerates hot weather
Affectionate
Friendly with children
Friendly with strangers
Friendly with other animals
Hair loss
Drooling level
Easy to care for
Robust health
Easy to train
Intelligent
Tendency to bark
Tendency to nibble
Protective
Instinct to hunt
Adventurous spirit
Energy level
Level of intensity
Need for exercise
Playful

Tips About this breed

His socialization and education must be done very early in order to control his assertive character.

It is generally easy because he is endowed with great intelligence and is very receptive and attentive to everything concerning his master to whom he is devoted.

Given his size and minimal need for exercise, he can live anywhere.

He can make any kind of owner happy. Because he is rather calm and sedentary, the elderly love him, as do families.

Health of the Mexican hairless dog

Apart from the absence of hair, which makes his skin more sensitive to weather and sunlight, the Mexican hairless dog is not affected by any particular pathology or genetics.

He is generally endowed with excellent health and life expectancy.

GROOMING

His lack of hair weakens his skin. It is thus necessary to pay particular attention to his coat.

It is preferable to bathe him regularly and protect him from sun as well as cold. Having no protection, his coat remains very fragile.

History of this breed

Native to Mexico, the Mexican hairless dog is divided into three size categories: standard, intermediate and miniature.

He is a very rare and ancient breed of dog. As his name suggests, he is practically naked, therefore hairless, except for the neck and forehead, sometimes also on the tail where you can find some hair.

According to legend, the Xoloitzcuintle was the one sent to earth by the God Xoloti, from whom the morphology of his name comes, "Xoloti" for his God and "itzcuintle" meaning dog.

As his nickname Xolo comes from the God Xoloti, the translation of his name should read as Sacred Mexican hairless dog instead of simply Mexican hairless dog.

Also according to Mexican legend, this dog would lead the souls of the deceased to the country where the spirits rest.

At one time, the Indians buried their dead in the Colima region in the Southwest of the country, along with a statuette of Xolo to guide them to the place of their eternal rest.

The sacred value of the Mexican hairless dog is attested everywhere by his presence in art and artefacts such as, for example, on items designed during the time of the Toltec and Aztec civilizations in the same region of Colima.

In addition to their legendary character, the Aztec people also bred these dogs for meat, because of his sacred nature, this dog's flesh would apparently have great healing qualities.

At the same time, dogs were used as bed warmers due to their higher body temperature than most other dogs, and they were already widely used as companion dogs.

His presence in the Caribbean is also mentioned in the diary of Christopher Columbus in 1942 and his existence in the 14th century is confirmed by the priest, Bernardino de Sahagun, having studied the pagan culture of the Indians at the time.

Some say that he arrived from Asia through the Bering Strait with the nomadic people and that he descends from the ancient Tai-Tai now called the Chinese Dog.

However, a Xolo skull was discovered between 1300 and 1000 BC, whereas according to history, Tai-Tai would not be more than 1000 years old. This theory remains to be confirmed, but is unlikely.

His origins are very old, although the breed has only been recognized since 1933 by the American Kennel Club, where it received its first standard. In the 1980s, the Mexican hairless dog duly gained popularity in the United States. Despite this, he remains rather rare and his numbers are few.

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