Slovak Cuvac

Slovakian Shepherd Dog, Slovak Chuvach, Slovenski Cuvac

The Slovak Cuvac is appreciated in the mountains, more specifically in the Carpathian and Tatra region. Resistant to the least clement temperatures, his physique and fur are most suitable for living in harsh conditions. This magnificent, gentle, courageous, attentive and powerful dog is an extraordinary companion to discover, whether you live in the mountains or elsewhere.

Height 59 to 70 cm
Weight 30 to 45 kg
Life expectancy 11 to 12 years
Home country Slovakia

Quick Overview of the Slovak Cuvac


  • Guardian and courageous
  • Faithful and very gentle
  • Obedient and loving
  • Never unnecessarily aggressive


  • Solid and massive
  • Large and sturdy build
  • Hanging mobile ears
  • Shorter hair on head and limbs


  • Hardy and very robust
  • Generally in excellent health
  • Rarely ill
  • No particular pathology

Temperament of the Slovak Cuvac

Guardian, courageous, loyal, bold and very gentle, the Slovak Cuvac stops at nothing and is always ready to fight to protect his own. This great herding dog has excellent qualities as companion. Obedient and affectionate, he is fairly docile and his education is easy and generally problem-free.

Very brave guard dog against predators, he is never unnecessarily aggressive.

Obviously, his size requires a minimum space where he can live and exercise safely. Living indoors can be risky for porcelain even if he is calm and quiet once his energy is spent.

He is compatible with all possible situations. He has excellent qualities and is endowed with a very good character that makes him a pleasant life companion. He is not aggressive in any way and generally drives intruders away by barking.

His presence and bark are usually sufficient. If the intruder is a predator, he will stop at nothing and become combative in order to protect his own, whether human or animal. He is strong and powerful in front of bears, wolves or other predators.

His courage is equal to his size, if not more, and he is very loyal to his family. He protects his herd and his family with the same ardour and courage.

He is easy to train and responds very well to commands.

slovensky cuvac

Breed Appearance

Slovak Cuvac

Solid and massive, this big dog has the typical physical features of mountain dogs. Attentive, lively and fearless, he has an imposing and robust build. His appearance betrays his resistance to the harsh Slovakian mountain climate. Physically, he resembles the Kuvasz.


Between 62 and 70 cm (24.41 to 27.56 inches) for the male
Between 59 and 65 cm (23.23 to 25.59 inches) for the female


Between 30 and 45 kg (66.14 to 99.21 pounds) for the male
Between 30 and 45 kg (66.14 to 99.21 pounds) for the female


His coat is generally all white but a slight yellowish tinge may be accepted at the tips of the ears, even if it is not desired.


His hair is shorter on the head and limbs, while the rest of the body forms a very dense coating where the hair can even reach a length of 10 cm (4 inches). Males have a very pronounced mane and the undercoat is thick and fine but less abundant during the summer.


His head is firm and broad, rather elongated with a slightly domed skull and well defined stop. His oval shaped eyes are a beautiful dark brown color. His hanging ears are quite mobile. His nose is black. His hanging tail at rest, is carried curved over the loins in action.

According to the FCI breeds nomenclature, this breed belongs to group 1, section 1 and is #142

Health of the Slovak Cuvac

This huge, hardy and very robust dog enjoys excellent health. He is rarely ill and the breed is not affected by any particular pathology. His longevity is also very good for such a large dog.


His thick, white fleece requires good weekly brushing to ensure good health. Despite his intense coat, he does not require any other special care.

History of this breed

This beautiful big white dog comes directly from the mountainous regions of Europe on the edge of the glaciers, where the remains of some Arctic groups were found dating back to the pre-glacial era.

At that time, the Slovak mountain peoples protected their borders and exchanged their sheep's cheese as payment for their taxes. They were thus exempted from serfdom in the Middle Ages.

Huzul horses, mountain sheep, goats and the Slovak Shepherd Dog are part of the traditional heritage of these free peoples of the time.

It was possible to establish the breed standard in 1964 thanks to the veterinary school in Brno in the former Czechoslovakia. This magnificent specimen is an excellent guard dog for herds but also a great companion dog with a very good character.

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