Labrador Retriever

The Labrador Retriever is an excellent choice for many types of family structures. Whether you live alone, as part of a family or whatever your situation, the Labrador can easily adapt to your household. It is therefore an excellent dog that can be happy no matter its environment.

55 to 62 cm
25 to 36 kg
Life expectancy
10 to 14 years
Hair loss
Need for exercise
Very high

Quick overview of the Labrador Retriever


  • Robust and sturdy
  • Short, dense and smooth coat
  • Waterproof coat that dries quickly


  • Intelligent
  • Very family-friendly
  • Gentle and sociable
  • Playful but sometimes stubborn
  • Loyal and affectionnate


This is a fairly robust breed but is subject to a few health problems. Because this dog loves eating, it is important to control the amount of food it is eating.


Labrador Retriever's appearance

Labrador Retriever

The Labrador Receiver is a robust and sturdy dog

If it is fed to much food it, this dog will be prone to become obese. It must be said that this dog is very greedy. As such, it is critical to make sure it exercises on a regular basis. Physically, it looks like the Newfoundland dog but it is actually smaller and its coat is less dense and its hair is shorter. It is fond of aquatic activities and loves exercising and playing. This dog has an excellent sense of smell.

Height: Between 57 and 62 cm (22 to 24 inches) for the male.
Between 55 and 60 cm (22 to 24 inches) for the female.
Weight: Between 29 and 36 kg (64 à 79 pounds) for the male.
Between 25 and 32 kg (55 à 71 pounds) for the female.
Color: This breed exists with different colors including black, blond (which may be reddish) or chocolate brown.
Hair: Its impermeable coat is short, very smooth and dries quickly. It does not have a tendency to shed except during the change of seasons.
Morphology: Its skull is large and its nose is well defined. Its eyes are hazelnut color or brown and medium in size. Its ears are set back and hanging. Its jaw is powerful. Its tail is unique – it is unlike any other breed’s tail.

The labrador retriever, according to the FCI breeds nomenclature, belongs to group 8, section 1 and is #122.

Temperament of the Labrador Retriever

The Labrador Retriever is an excellent family dog and is loyal.

It is a good watchdog that seeks to protect its family members. It is very gentle, sociable, quite docile but sometimes stubborn. It has a passion for water.

Although it may be obstinate, it generally responds well to orders. It may revert back to a puppy when it spots a waterbody. Its passion for water is eternal. Even a swimming pool is appealing to the Labrador Retriever. Because it is easy to train, it can readily learn how to get out of the pool using the steps or ladders;

Even as an adult this dog maintains the qualities of a puppy. It remains a bit mischievous, playful and always ready to run and play with children and adults.

It responds well to commands but may at times do as it pleases especially near a waterbody. It is docile, very loyal and always comes back home. If you live in the country, this dog will be tempted to go after geese and other preys but will always return home. It’s in its nature.

The Labrador is highly valued by assistance agencies because it is easy to train. It takes little time for this dog to trust its owners and to harmonize with its new surroundings.

Labrador Retriever

Characteristics of the Labrador Retriever

Does this dog fit your lifestyle?

Every dog breed has these characteristics. However, the temperament of a dog can vary from one individual to the next among the same breed.

Life in an apartment 1 /5
Good first dog 3 /5
Tolerates solitude 2 /5
Tolerates cold temperatures 3 /5
Tolerates hot weather 3 /5
Affectionate 5 /5
Friendly with children 5 /5
Friendly with strangers 5 /5
Friendly with other animals 5 /5
Hair loss 3 /5
Drooling level 3 /5
Easy to care for 5 /5
Robust health 3 /5
Easy to train 5 /5
Intelligent 5 /5
Tendency to bark 2 /5
Tendency to nibble 5 /5
Protective 4 /5
Instinct to hunt 2 /5
Adventurous spirit 3 /5
Energy level 4 /5
Level of intensity 5 /5
Need for exercise 5 /5
Playful 5 /5

Characteristics are evaluated on a scale from 1 to 5
where 5 signifies that the characteristic is very present for this breed.

Adopting a Labrador Retriever

Do you breed Labrador Retrievers or know a good breeder?

Help us recommend breeders that are conscientious and respectful of the breed for people wanting to adopt a Labrador Retriever in your region.

Finding a good breeder to adopt from is not always easy. Classified ads are often the haven of puppy mills. This is why, in addition to our research and verifications, we also consider the personal experiences of our users with the breeders listed here.

Pictures of the Labrador Retriever

Tips about the Labrador Retriever

Points to consider before adopting a Labrador Retriever

  • Large need for physical exercice

    If you want your Labrador Retriever to stay healthy, it will need to be stimulated physically and mentally many hours a day. Ideally, your backyard should be fenced. However, if you live in an apartment or condo, you will need to plan regular round trips to the nearest park. Nonetheless, know that the Labrador adapts well to all lifestyles.

  • Socialization is recommended at a very young age

    Even though the Labrador is devoid of any aggressivity, socialization with children, other pets and adults should be done at a very young age. Because it has a very powerful jaw, unfortunate events must be avoided. By developing good habits at the time of adoption you will have the opportunity to live with a superb family companion.

Health of the Labrador Retriever

Because the Labrador is a large dog, this breed is sometimes plagued with hip problems. This is why it is essential to monitor the dog’s weight and avoid obesity as this could cause hip problems in old age. It is also important to feed it nutritious food so that it maintains a smooth and healthy coat. Other joint problems may arise, such as hip dysplasia and osteochondritis.

Lipoma, osteoarthritis, skin diseases, eye problems and gastric torsion are other health troubles encountered with this breed.

Still, the Labrador is considered as very robust. A study conducted by the British Kennel Club revealed that two-thirds of the Labradors evaluated died of old age.

Caring for this dog

Depending on the environment where the Labrador lives, you should be ready to bathe your dog about once every four months. Plan to brush it a minimum of once a week but a brushing frequency of twice a week is recommended. During shedding season, brushing should be done on a daily basis. By cleaning its ears on a regular basis, you will prevent the risk of ear infection. Its nails should be trimmed as needed.

History of the Labrador Retriever

The term "Retriever" refers to this dog’s abilities to hunt and to carry live or dead preys in its mouth whereas the term "Labrador" refers to the region in Canada. The Labrador is a descendant of the St. John’s water dog. This web-footed dog is very fond of fish. It was initially appreciated for its swimming abilities before being used as a hunting dog.

Thanks to its remarkable sense of smell, it is valued by hunters in the forest, ponds and swamps. It is also widely used as a pet and as a service dog for the blind, the disabled, the elderly and for other people requiring particular attention.