Bichon Frise

Bichon à poil frisé

The Bichon Frise has an incomparable look. He is simply adorable and moreover, he hardly loses any hair, which makes him ideal for people with allergies. This magnificent doggy is simply the ideal dog for all kinds of masters or mistresses.

Height 23 to 30 cm
Weight 3 to 5 kg
Life expectancy 12 to 15 years
Hair Loss Low
Excercise Need Medium

Quick Overview of the Bichon Frise

Temperament

  • Very playful
  • No aggressiveness
  • Docile and gentle
  • Affectionate and sensitive

Appearance

  • Silky and fine hair
  • All white
  • Harmoniously proportioned body
  • Dark eyes

Health

  • Very robust despite his size
  • No particular health problems
  • Sensitive to humidity

Temperament of the Bichon Frise

With a very cheerful nature, his doggy look is not just a look and the Bichon Frise is a true doggie and plushie.

Totally devoid of aggression, he is by no means a guard dog and any intruder will be greeted with a great burst of joy and excitement.

This ideal dog does not require any specific training. However, it is necessary to be patient while he adapts to his environment but afterwards, his education will be very easy.

Docile, gentle, affectionate, sensitive, intelligent, obedient, sociable, playful and very cuddly, the Bichon Frise will be suited for a large family with children as well as for elderly people.

The Bichon Frise needs regular exercise but he can very well perform in a small space, a few square meters at most can be enough for his daily exercise.

He will, of course, live indoors and stay very close to all family members, whether big or small. He will follow every movement and never want to stay alone for long.

bichon frisé personnalité

Breed Appearance

curly bichon

A small, playful-looking dog with a silky, fine coat with corkscrew-style curls. The particularity of the Bichon Frise is that he is all white, compared to other Bichons. This pretty doggy with a cheerful look has a harmoniously proportioned body. His appearance combines strength, power and elegance.

Height

Between 25 and 30 cm (9.84 to 11.81 inches) for the male
Between 23 and 28 cm (9.06 to 11.02 inches) for the female

Weight

Between 3 and 5 kg (6.61 to 11.02 pounds) for the male
Between 3 and 5 kg (6.61 to 11.02 pounds) for the female

Color

Pure white is the unique color of the Bichon Frise's coat.

Hair

His hair is silky, fine, soft and forms corkscrew curls.

Morphology

His head has a flat skull and is in perfect harmony with the rest of the body. His eyes are dark, rather round, very bright and with black edges. His ears, not too large, are drooping. His nose is black.
His tail is carried high, drooping gracefully curved over the back, it is not rolled up.

According to the FCI breeds nomenclature, this breed belongs to group 9, section 1 and is #215

Characteristics of the Bichon Frise

Does this dog suit your lifestyle?

Every dog breed has its own characteristics. However, the actual character of a dog can vary from one to another within the same breed.

Find out if the Bichon Frise is your ideal dog breed with our quiz.

That will take you less than 3 minutes!

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Life in an apartment
Good first dog
Tolerates solitude
Tolerates cold weather
Tolerates hot weather
Affectionate
Friendly with children
Friendly with strangers
Friendly with other animals
Hair loss
Drooling level
Easy to care for
Robust health
Easy to train
Intelligent
Tendency to bark
Tendency to nibble
Protective
Instinct to hunt
Adventurous spirit
Energy level
Level of intensity
Need for exercise
Playful

Price and monthly budget

Price you can expect to pay for a Bichon Frise puppy: between 700 € / $ 829 / £642 and 1000 € / $ 1184 / £917
These prices are indicative and may vary from breeder to breeder

Bichon Frise pictures

Tips About this breed

This very sociable little dog can't stand loneliness. The best option for working masters who are away for a period of time during the day, is to buy a couple of them.

Between the two of them, the Bichon Frise will be very happy. He loves his master's contact but if he can enjoy the company of one of his fellow creatures, he will be just as happy.

Otherwise, left to his own devices, he will be unhappy until he becomes depressed and loses his wonderful lively and cheerful character.

Whether he lives in a loft, apartment, house with a garden or not, in the city or country, it will be very easy to live with this wonderful dog because he will adapt no matter where he lives as long as he is not alone.

Health of the Bichon Frise

Very robust despite his size, the Bichon Frise has no particular health issues. He is however sensitive to humidity but doesn't fear the cold.

GROOMING

Due to his pretty fleece, the Bichon Frise still needs a good daily brushing. A monthly bath will also help to protect his coat and ensure a beautiful pure and clean white coat.

As his hair is fine, with a tendency to get into knots, and is very hard to untangle, it is imperative to get him used to the daily brushing episode at a young age. Very docile, he will get used to it very quickly and brushing will become easy.

 

History of this breed

His origins do not seem to be totally confirmed, but the Bichon Frise is apparently descended from a cross between a Barbet, a Poodle and a Maltese Bichon.

Born during the Italian Renaissance, between 1400 and 1560, the Bichon Frise was very popular in the Mediterranean basin.

At that time, following his introduction to the Canary Islands, he was named after the capital of the archipelago, Tenerife.

This name stuck with him for a very long time, until the last few years. Regardless of his origins, at that time he was considered a very valuable dog that royalty relished.

In the 16th century, he made his entry into France under François I, king of the time, who adored his presence and made him his favourite companion.

Kings were great fans of the breed, Henri III was no exception, and the Bichon Frise reached his peak during his reign, from 1574 to 1589. It is during this reign that the Bichon Frise made his debut among the Belgians.

Adored by royalty, this pretty little dog can be found in all the salons of France, both with ladies and gentlemen of the court. Madame de Pompadour will have several of them.

The little Bichon Frise was so popular that Fragonard and Goya made him appear in some of their work. He will be known in Spain at the beginning of the 19th century, still in courts, and will keep his place in royalty until the beginning of the 20th century.

Afterwards, even if he is still prized by the Greats of this world, he also becomes valued by the entire population until the Great War.

It was not uncommon to see him then wandering alongside barrel organ players or busy with various tasks with everyone.

The First World War was very hard on him and almost caused the race to disappear completely. It was in 1920 that a Belgian breeder decided to save the breed and put all his energy into it.

The Second World War was also difficult, but the breed held out and enjoyed a new rise in the middle of the 20th century.

The FCI conferred his origins as Belgian and French in 1960 and the Bichon Frise Club was founded in the United States in 1964. The Kennel Club officially recognized the breed in 1973.

Since the 1970s, the Bichon Frise breed has become very popular all over the world.

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