Welsh Springer Spaniel

Welsh Springer

Bred for endurance and ability to work, the Welsh Springer Spaniel is still very attached to his family. He is always glued to his masters, no matter what they do. Unfortunately, after having conquered America, India and Australia, the Welsh Springer Spaniel disappeared from the American continent after the Second World War and never regained his former popularity. It is therefore necessary to go to Europe to obtain a specimen of the breed since he disappeared from America.

Height 43 to 48 cm
Weight 16 to 25 kg
Life expectancy 12 to 15 years
Home country United Kingdom (UK)

Quick Overview of the Welsh Springer Spaniel


  • Kind, cheerful and active
  • Neither fearful nor aggressive
  • Friendly nature
  • Faithful and balanced


  • Compact
  • Harmonious silhouette
  • Fast and active
  • Built for the job


  • Rustic, solid and very robust
  • Rarely ill
  • Generally healthy
  • Sometimes affected by ear infections

Temperament of the Welsh Springer Spaniel

Kind, cheerful, active, neither shy or aggressive, the Welsh Springer Spaniel is peaceful and cheerful by nature. Faithful and balanced, he makes an outstanding life companion.

His socialization and education are greatly facilitated by his intelligence.

In addition to his many skills when working with shepherds or hunters, he has become an excellent companion dog. In the family, he is faithful, friendly and very close to all around him.

He is endowed with a constant cheerfulness that is a joy for all children. He is patient, kind and totally harmless with them. He brings a pleasant consistency to the family and a communicative joie de vivre.

Even though he is naturally sociable and kind, it is best to start his education quite early. Very intelligent, he is easy to educate, but he must still receive a firm and adequate education.

As he sometimes tends to be a little shy, it is important to socialize him early as well. He is not recalcitrant to education, and his natural kindness makes the teacher's task easier.

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Breed Appearance

Welsh springer spaniel

Compact, but not too high on legs, the silhouette of the Welsh Springer Spaniel is very harmonious.

Built for hard work and endurance, his great working abilities are visible to the naked eye. His fast and active constitution makes it easy to see his ability to withstand all kinds of hard work. His general appearance is very pleasant.


Between 46 and 48 cm (18.11 to 18.90 inches) for the male
Between 43 and 46 cm (16.93 to 18.11 inches) for the female


Between 18 and 25 kg (39.68 to 55.12 pounds) for the male
Between 16 and 20 kg (35.27 to 44.09 pounds) for the female


The only color allowed for the coat is bright red and white. No other color is permitted by the breed standard.


His flat, straight, dense but very silky coat is never harsh or wavy. Tail, ears, back and front legs are fringed.

The same is true under the hock and carpus. His silky coat is totally waterproof, and allows him to withstand all the climatic hazards.


His head has a dome-shaped skull, as well as a clearly marked stop. His eyes, dark or hazelnut color, are medium size.

His ears, hanging against the cheeks, are small and set low. His nose is skin-colored and rather dark. His tail is usually shortened and carried low. It is well set and should never be carried higher than the dorsal line.

According to the FCI breeds nomenclature, this breed belongs to group 8, section 2 and is #126

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Tips About this breed

The Welsh Springer Spaniel, dynamic for hunting, is fast, active and has a very fine sense of smell.

Comfortable in the water, he is very methodical and covers his ground very well. He is an excellent retriever, being able to run in front of the hunter and lift the game very easily, and then go and fetch it once it has been shot.

He can easily lead herds from one place to another without the help of the shepherd, or any other human being.

At one time he was highly appreciated for performing this function, but as the herds have gradually disappeared, this is no longer current.

He likes to live in a place where he can run and exercise very often. Needing space and intense exercise, he doesn't really enjoy city life.

However, he is compatible with all types of owners because he loves everyone.

Health of the Welsh Springer Spaniel

Rustic, sturdy and very robust, the Welsh Springer Spaniel is rarely sick and enjoys an iron constitution.

Occasionally, some dogs are affected by ear infections, but these are usually isolated cases that can easily be avoided by regular monitoring.

There are no genetic diseases, congenital defects or special conditions affecting the breed. The numbers also enjoy a good life expectancy.


It is recommended that you check and clean his drooping ears regularly to avoid foreign bodies getting inside, especially after returning from a hunting episode.

It is also preferable to brush his silky coat at least twice a week to keep him beautiful, clean and healthy. No other more particular maintenance is however necessary.

History of this breed

Originally from Great Britain, the breed is said to have existed since the 17th century. It would come from a cross between the Clumber Spaniel and the English Springer Spaniel.

When he first appeared in the West of England and Wales, the Welsh Springer Spaniel was originally used as a cattle handler and sheepdog. His role as a herding dog evolved into one of a hunting dog when he arrived in the East of England and Scotland.

His hunting instincts, much appreciated by hunters, brought him later to America, Australia and India.

Having developed in Wales most certainly before the 14th century, his history is similar to that of the English Cocker Spaniel. At the time, all Spaniels were known as Cockers or Cocker Spaniels.

They were then divided into land and water Spaniels. Until 1902 when his official standard was established, he was known as the Welsh Cocker, and then became the Welsh Springer Spaniel, defining the breed as a breed in its own right.

Originally an excellent herd handler, he later became a true acolyte for hunting enthusiasts, specializing in woodcock, hare and rabbit. In time, he made his place in families, demonstrating his great aptitudes as a life companion compatible with all types of owners.

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