French Bulldog

Other names: Frenchie

This superb sturdy dog is highly appreciated as a pet but it can also act as a watchdog and for therapeutic purposes. Its protective instinct is in no way proportional to its size!

30 to 35 cm
8 to 14 kg
Life expectancy
10 to 12 years
Hair loss
Need for exercise

Quick overview of the French Bulldog


  • Large and strong square head
  • Big round and dark eyes
  • Ample nose
  • Low-set tail


  • Excellent character
  • Not in the least aggressive
  • Very gentle nature
  • Highly playful
  • Sociable and sensitive


This small dog is generally healthy but certain precautions should be taken to allow it to enjoy life.


French Bulldog's appearance

French Bulldog

This molossoid dog is strong and muscular despite its small size.

This friendly-looking dog is ideal for those that value this breed group but prefer small-sized dogs. Precisely thanks to its small size, this dog is ideal for use in pet therapy for sick people, the elderly and prisoners. Its presence reduces tension, boosts moral and provides comfort to everyone it interacts with. The French Bulldog is an excellent choice for all types of dog owners.

Height: Between 30 and 35 cm (12 to 14 inches) for the male.
Between 30 and 35 cm (12 to 14 inches) for the female.
Weight: Between 8 and 14 kg (18 à 31 pounds) for the male.
Between 8 and 14 kg (18 à 31 pounds) for the female.
Color: The French Bulldog coat varies greatly. It can be white, brindle and apricot or sometimes patterned with medium to large specks.
Hair: Its hair is short.
Morphology: Its large square head is strong and is typical of the molloser dog category. Its large eyes are dark and round. Its ears are set high and aare very straight. Its nose is ample and blends with the coat. Its tail is set low and tapering toward the tip.

The french bulldog, according to the FCI breeds nomenclature, belongs to group 9, section 2 and is #101.

Temperament of the French Bulldog

Essentially a pet dog, this magnificient Molloser is endowed with an excellent character. Despite its gruff and ferocious figure, it is absolutely not aggressive. Blessed with a gentle nature, it is very playful and likes clowning around with children.

Notwithstanding its lack of aggressivity, it is an excellent and courageous watchdog. It is an ardent and vigilant defender.

Affectionnate, gentle and docile, it is intuitive and very intelligent but slightly possessive. Even though it is very sociable, it can easily become jealous. This should be considered at an early stage of its training in order to properly channel its energy.

French Bulldog

Characteristics of the French Bulldog

Does this dog fit your lifestyle?

Every dog breed has these characteristics. However, the temperament of a dog can vary from one individual to the next among the same breed.

Life in an apartment 5 /5
Good first dog 5 /5
Tolerates solitude 1 /5
Tolerates cold temperatures 2 /5
Tolerates hot weather 1 /5
Affectionate 5 /5
Friendly with children 4 /5
Friendly with strangers 4 /5
Friendly with other animals 4 /5
Hair loss 3 /5
Drooling level 1 /5
Easy to care for 5 /5
Robust health 2 /5
Easy to train 4 /5
Intelligent 3 /5
Tendency to bark 3 /5
Tendency to nibble 3 /5
Protective 2 /5
Instinct to hunt 2 /5
Adventurous spirit 2 /5
Energy level 3 /5
Level of intensity 4 /5
Need for exercise 2 /5
Playful 5 /5

Characteristics are evaluated on a scale from 1 to 5
where 5 signifies that the characteristic is very present for this breed.

Adopting a French Bulldog

Do you breed French Bulldogs or know a good breeder?

Help us recommend breeders that are conscientious and respectful of the breed for people wanting to adopt a French Bulldog in your region.

Finding a good breeder to adopt from is not always easy. Classified ads are often the haven of puppy mills. This is why, in addition to our research and verifications, we also consider the personal experiences of our users with the breeders listed here.

Pictures of the French Bulldog

Tips about the French Bulldog

Points to consider before adopting a French Bulldog

  • This magnificient breed is essentially a small indoor dog. It can go out for a stroll and to play but should stay in presence of its family members. The French Bulldog is not suited for outdoor living. This small dog can live both in an apartment and a large house.

    The French Bulldog is most appropriate for a sedentary owner.

  • Endowed with superior intuition, it is very responsive to the atmosphere of the house. It can easily adapt to any situation. It will play with the young and will rest with the old. It worships its owner and craves his or her attention. It hates solitude and prefers being around humans than other animals. It generally accepts cohabiting with other pets but its tendency to be jealous must be countered early in its training.

  • The French Bulldog is characterized with a tremendous capacity to adapt. It can be gentle, quiet and tranquil if necessary and will be a tireless entertainer if it seems appropriate.

    It does not require a great amount of exercise but its weight should be monitored and it requires quasi-constant companionship to be happy. If you do not plan to spend the majority of your time at home, you should not consider the French Bulldog for adoption.

Health of the French Bulldog

This small molisser is generally healthy but certain precautions should be taken to ensure that it will enjoy life to the fullest.

Its short muzzle can sometimes lead to respiratory problems. Heat can also be problematic so this dog should not be exposed to sunshine for long periods of time. It is inadvisable to let it inside a car on hot summer days. Its weight should be monitored in order to prevent herniated disks. In addition, its eyes must be kept clean.

Giving birth can sometimes be difficult for female French Dogs.
Nevertheless, the French Bulldog is not considered to be a delicate breed. Take proper care of this dog and it will enjoy good health and lead a long life.

Caring for this dog

Eyes should be monitored and cleaned regularly. Brushing should be done on a daily basis and it is advisable to bathe the dog every 2 to 3 months in order to take care of its folds and wrinkles on its skin.

History of the French Bulldog

Probably an offspring of the Tibetan Mastiff like all Molossers, the French Bulldog has a very mysterious history. The British pretend that it is a descendant of the Bulldog whereas the French claim it is an offspring of an aboriginal dog. In reality, the French Bulldog is likely a cross between an ancient Bulldog and small black Terriers. Other crosses would also have been completed later, probably with pugs.

Imported in France around 1850, it was initially used by traders as ratters. Thereafter, westerners on both sides of the Atlantic started using it as a pet. The Kennel Club recognized the French Bulldog in the late 19th century and this led to intense discussions between the British and the French in order to determine to whom belonged this dog.
In 1880 was founded the first French Bulldog club and in 1898 was established the first French Bulldog breed standard. Modifications were made in 1931, 1932, 1948,1986 and 1994.

This friendly little dog is essentially a pet dog that is also used in therapy for the sick and for prisoners that enjoy this link to the outside world.