French Bulldog


This superb sturdy dog is highly appreciated as a pet but it can also act as a watchdog and for therapeutic purposes.

Height 30 to 35 cm
Weight 8 to 14 kg
Life expectancy 10 to 12 years
Hair Loss Medium
Excercise Need Low
Home country France

Quick Overview of the French Bulldog


  • Excellent temperament
  • Not aggressive
  • Very gentle nature
  • Highly playful
  • Sociable and sensitive


  • Large and strong square head
  • Big round and dark eyes
  • Big nose
  • Low-set tail


This small dog is generally healthy but certain precautions should be taken to allow it to enjoy its life.

Temperament of the French Bulldog

Essentially a pet dog, the French Bulldog is endowed with an excellent character. Despite its gruff and ferocious figure, it is absolutely not aggressive. Blessed with a gentle nature, it is very playful and likes clowning around with children.

Notwithstanding its lack of aggressivity, it is an excellent and courageous watchdog. It is an ardent and vigilant defender.

Affectionnate, gentle and docile, the French Bulldog is intuitive and very intelligent but slightly possessive. Even though it is very sociable, it can easily become jealous. This should be considered at an early stage of its training in order to properly channel its energy.

French Bulldog

Breed Appearance

french bulldog

This molossoid dog is strong and muscular despite its small size.

The French Bulldog is ideal for those that value this breed group but prefer small-sized dogs. Thanks to its small size,the French Bulldog is ideal for use in pet therapy for sick people, the elderly and prisoners. Its presence reduces tension, boosts moral and provides comfort to everyone it interacts with. The French Bulldog is an excellent choice for all types of dog owners.


Between 30 and 35 cm (11.81 to 13.78 inches) for the male
Between 30 and 35 cm (11.81 to 13.78 inches) for the female


Between 8 and 14 kg (17.64 to 30.86 pounds) for the male
Between 8 and 14 kg (17.64 to 30.86 pounds) for the female


The coat of the French Bulldog varies greatly. It can be white, brindle and apricot or sometimes patterned with medium to large specks.


Its hair is short.


Its large square head is strong and is typical of the molloser dog category. Its large eyes are dark and round. Its ears are set high and are very straight. Its nose is ample and blends with the coat. Its tail is set low and tapering toward the tip.

Related article: Are French Bulldog ears cropped or clipped?

According to the FCI breeds nomenclature, this breed belongs to group 9, section 2 and is #101

Characteristics of the French Bulldog

Does this dog suit your lifestyle?

Every dog breed has its own characteristics. However, the actual character of a dog can vary from one to another within the same breed.

Find out if the French Bulldog is your ideal dog breed with our quiz.

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Life in an apartment
Good first dog
Tolerates solitude
Tolerates cold weather
Tolerates hot weather
Friendly with children
Friendly with strangers
Friendly with other animals
Hair loss
Drooling level
Easy to care for
Robust health
Easy to train
Tendency to bark
Tendency to nibble
Instinct to hunt
Adventurous spirit
Energy level
Level of intensity
Need for exercise

Price and monthly budget

Price you can expect to pay for a French Bulldog puppy: between 1000 € / $ 1 / £1 and 1500 € / $ 1 / £1
These prices are indicative and may vary from breeder to breeder
Average monthly budget for a French Bulldog: 80 € / $ 1 / £1
The monthly budget includes the average expenses for food and hygiene products (grooming, anti-parasite...)

French Bulldog puppies near me

French Bulldog pictures

Tips About this breed

The French Bulldog is essentially a small indoor dog. It can go out for a stroll and to play but should stay in presence of its family members. It is not suited for outdoor living. This small dog can live both in an apartment and a large house and is most appropriate for a sedentary owner.

Endowed with superior intuition, the French Bulldog is very responsive to the atmosphere of the house. It can easily adapt to any situation. It will play with the young and will rest with the old.

It worships its owner and craves his or her attention. It hates solitude and prefers being around humans than other animals. It generally accepts cohabiting with other pets but its tendency to be jealous must be countered early in its training.

The French Bulldog is characterized with a tremendous capacity to adapt. It can be gentle and quiet if necessary but it will also be a tireless entertainer if it seems appropriate.

It does not require a great amount of exercise but its weight should be monitored and it requires quasi-constant companionship to be happy. If you do not plan to spend the majority of your time at home, you should not consider the French Bulldog for adoption.

Health of the French Bulldog

The French Bulldog is generally healthy but certain precautions should be taken.

Its short muzzle can sometimes lead to respiratory problems. Heat can also be problematic so this dog should not be exposed to sunshine for long periods of time.

It is inadvisable to let it inside a car on hot summer days. Its weight should be monitored in order to prevent herniated disks. In addition, its eyes must be kept clean.

Giving birth can sometimes be difficult for female French Bulldogs.

Nevertheless, the French Bulldog is not considered to be a delicate breed. Take proper care of this dog and it will enjoy good health and lead a long life.

Related article: Are French Bulldogs smart? How intelligent are they?


Eyes should be monitored and cleaned regularly. Brushing should be done on a daily basis and it is advisable to bathe the dog every 2 to 3 months in order to take care of its folds and wrinkles on its skin.


Related article: How much should a French Bulldog eat?

History of this breed

Probably an offspring of the Tibetan Mastiff, like all Molossers, the French Bulldog has a very mysterious history. The British pretend that it is a descendant of the Bulldog whereas the French claim it is an offspring of an aboriginal dog.

In reality, the French Bulldog is likely a cross between an ancient Bulldog and small black Terriers. Other crosses would also have been completed later, probably with pugs.

Imported in France around 1850, it was initially used by traders as ratters. Thereafter, westerners on both sides of the Atlantic started using it as a pet.

The Kennel Club recognized the French Bulldog in the late 19th century and this led to intense discussions between the British and the French in order to determine to whom belonged this dog.

The first French Bulldog club was founded in 1880 and the first French Bulldog breed standard was established in 1898. Modifications were made in 1931, 1932, 1948,1986 and 1994.

This friendly little dog is essentially a pet dog that is also used in therapy for the sick and for prisoners that enjoy this link to the outside world.

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