Canaan Dog

The Canaan Dog has a wild look that is much appreciated all over the world, whether a companion, guard, or search dog in rubble and avalanches. He is also used as a therapy dog or police and security dog. The Canaan Dog has multiple functions. He is what is called in his country, a pariah dog, that is to say, a semi-wild dog. He combines beautifully the extroardinary aptitudes of a domestic, wild and primitive dog. He is a lovely mixture that can make everyone happy.

Height 50 to 60 cm
Weight 18 to 25 kg
Life expectancy 12 to 15 years
Hair Loss High
Excercise Need Medium
Home country Israel

Quick Overview of the Canaan Dog


  • Primitive and suspicious
  • Gentle and loving
  • Protector and guardian
  • Reliable and patient


  • Balanced and strong
  • Agile
  • Original wild look
  • Noble impression


  • Usually no health issues
  • Rarely ill
  • No pathology related to the race

Temperament of the Canaan Dog

Distrustful, scrappy, docile, sweet and affectionate, the Canaan Dog is gentle with family members but rather intolerant with his fellow dogs. Protective and guardian, he is balanced, reliable and very patient. He needs a good training and early socialization.

In spite of his rather wild character, he is the only dog of his kind to be used as a guardian and protector rather than a hunter. His great territorial sense is different from that of other similar dogs.

He is reserved and very attentive towards strangers. He is an excellent guard who is rarely aggressive. He prefers to dissuade rather than intervene.

Despite his reserve towards strangers, he is a very sociable dog that generally loves everyone. His family members have nothing to fear, he is gentle and kind to everyone, even the smallest.

He has no problem becoming a plush animal for children's caresses. Contrary to most primitive dogs, he is easily approached by children and has great patience with them.

chien de canaan personnalité

Breed Appearance

The Canaan Dog is balanced and strong. His physique is athletic and he has retained his original wild appearance.

His silhouette is well proportioned and leaves an impression of great nobility.


Between 50 and 60 cm (19.69 to 23.62 inches) for the male
Between 50 and 60 cm (19.69 to 23.62 inches) for the female


Between 18 and 25 kg (39.68 to 55.12 pounds) for the male
Between 18 and 25 kg (39.68 to 55.12 pounds) for the female


The color of his coat can vary between white, black, or champagne and between sand and auburn.


His hair is hard, tight, short and straight. It is generally medium length and has a dense, abundant undercoat.


His head has a somewhat flattened shape with a shallow but well marked stop. The slightly oblique, almond-shaped eyes are a beautiful dark brown.

His large ears are short and carried erect. His nose is all black.

His bushy and well furnished tail is set high and carried curled over the back like a corkscrew.

According to the FCI breeds nomenclature, this breed belongs to group 5, section 6 and is #273

Characteristics of the Canaan Dog

Does this dog suit your lifestyle?

Every dog breed has its own characteristics. However, the actual character of a dog can vary from one to another within the same breed.

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Life in an apartment
Good first dog
Tolerates solitude
Tolerates cold weather
Tolerates hot weather
Friendly with children
Friendly with strangers
Friendly with other animals
Hair loss
Drooling level
Easy to care for
Robust health
Easy to train
Tendency to bark
Tendency to nibble
Instinct to hunt
Adventurous spirit
Energy level
Level of intensity
Need for exercise

Price and monthly budget

Price you can expect to pay for a Canaan Dog puppy: between and
These prices are indicative and may vary from breeder to breeder

Tips About this breed

He can live outside but he needs contact with his loved ones. His master must be present as often as possible.

He can live anywhere, but since he likes to dig a circular burrow, he must be given a space of his own where he can make his "Canaan hole" without disturbing anyone and destroying the surroundings.

He can easily become the dog of any type of owner.

He is sociable and docile by nature, but his education must include early socialization, especially if he has to cohabit with his peers.

Care must also be taken not to accentuate, during his upbringing, his aversion to strangers. He must learn the family hierarchy because he tends to be dominant.

Health of the Canaan Dog

He generally does not have any health issues.

Subjects are rarely ill and enjoy a long life.

No pathology is related to the breed, nor any particular genetic disease.


His pretty dress must be brushed weekly to preserve his health and beauty. No other maintenance is necessary.

History of this breed

Originally from Israel, he is now present throughout the Middle East. Some specimens, strangely resembling the current breed, are represented on rock paintings in the Sinai and on Ben Assan's graffiti.

These so-called representations date back to the second millennium B.C. Despite the fact that the breed has only recently been discovered, his origins seem to be very old.

Before being used as a sheepdog or guardian by nomads, he lived in the wild for a long time. In 1930, Europe discovered him and the Israeli army adopted him around 1934 as a rescue dog and messenger.

In 1953, he received his first standard and in 1966, he was officially recognized by the FCI (Fédération Cynologique Internationale).

The Canaan Dog is today the emblem of Israel. He is very popular among Americans, but less in Europe.

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